When you talk about bees you cannot avoid talking in superlative. These miraculous little creatures first appeared on Earth over 150 million years ago. The ancient texts of all the major religious quote many times the health benefits of honey and refer to it as a gift from gos, Although today we frequently refer to them as “humble “honeybees, man is indeed deeply indebted to their unparalleled help in pollinating his agricultural crops.
A brief review of this creatures capabilities just makes for extraorinary reading, for example – bees form one of the most complex social organizations in the animal kingdom. A typical hive contains a single queen, with a few hundred males called drones, and 60-80,000 plus female workers. The queen bee is the most productive mother in the animal kingdom, bearing up to 5-6 eggs per minute. Her average productivity is 3000 eggs per day, continuously throughout her 4-5 year lifespan. At that production rate the queen produces eggs at the rate of twice her body weight per day – a phenomenal feast. It takes a dedicated worker bee its entire life, of 3 to 6 weeks, to produce just 1/12 of a tablespoon of honey, which will entail something in the order of 50,000 miles of flight. The worker bees from a single hive can collect reactor from up to 200,000 flower per day.
Today honey bees, mainly of the genus Apis mellifera are commercially farmed in many diverse environments throughout the world, from deserts to rain forests to temperature zones. The hive produces a range of bee products, including --- honey, bee pollen, royal jelly (the queen’s specialized food), propolis (the hive’s sanitizing agent) and beeswax (the structure of the hire) the most common product of hive, honey, as the amazing quality of remaining consistent and unspoiled over milliere. The honey found in the ancient tomb of Egypt, dated in excess of 2000 years old, is still edible today.