Mitochondria, which evolved from bacteria, located in every human cell are the essential energy producing component at cellular level. A person’s mitochondria, which curiously are inherited solely from the mother’s side, determine how athletic that person will be. Mitochondria produce most of the cell’s energy requirements by converting glucose and other molecules into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy currency that drives the metabolic processes. Increase the number of mitochondria inside your cells and you increase your performance capacity.
Unfortunately as we age, these processes eventually produce a build-up of a highly reactive oxygen species known as free radicals that damage DNA, decreasing energy production and inducing fatigue. The effect is seen most readily in muscle cells, neurons and receptor cells in the eye because these particular cells have very high energy requirements. In anti-aging research, therefore, mitochondria attract particular scientific interest. Though there is currently no generally available way to measure levels of activity in you mitochondria, clinical trials have now proven that a low-calorie, salt-free diet, regular exercise and the natural supplements riboflavin (B2), co-enzyme Q and carnitine that support mitochondrial function can delay the onset and contain the severity of free radical damage.
• The health and energy producing ability of your mitochondria are directly related to your...